Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Sanguinaria canadensis​​

​Family: Poppy
Native to Ontario

Blooms briefly in early spring.
Habitat: Woods and stream banks.
​Height: 15 cm.
​Width of flower: 2.5 cm

​A single basal leaf wraps around flower stem.  Flower opens during the day and closes at night. 

​Genus name (meaning bleeding) and common name refer to red sap in the rhizome and stem. This was used as a dye by First Nations people.

​Fruit is a capsule 3-5 cm long.

​Seeds dispersed by ants.
See Myrmecochery

​Rhizomes grow longer each year and branch to form colonies.