Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Coltsfoot
Tussilago farfara

Family: Composite/Aster
Introduced

Perennial
Blooms: very early spring.
Habitat: Damp, disturbed places
​Height: Up to 45 cm
​Width of flower: 2.5 cm

​Flower heads close at night and opens when warmed by the sun.

​The disk flowers are male, producing pollen and nectar; the ray flowers have female parts.

Pollinated by bees; can also self-pollinate. After it has been pollinated, flower head closes and droops. 

Common name pertains to the shape of the leaves (10-20 cm wide) which  appear after flowers have bloomed.

Seed-head is fuzzy; seeds are dispersed by wind.

​Plant can also spread by underground runners.