Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Clovers

Family: Pea/bean  
Genus: Trifolium (having 3-lobed leaves)
Perennial.
Introduced from Europe. Of value as a fodder crop, an excellent source of honey and a fertilizer, fixing nitrogen in the soil.

Red Clover 
T.pratense

Blooms: June to October
Habitat: Fields and waste areas

Height: up to 80 cm
Flower head: Tiny pea-shaped florets in a 1-4 cm tight cluster.

Leaves have a white chevron pattern.

Pollinated by bumblebees and honey bees. Long-tongued butterflies also sip the nectar but do not pollinate.

Alsike Clover 
T.hybridum

Blooms: June to October
Habitat: Fields and waste areas

Height: up to 80 cm
Flower head: Cream/pink in colour.

Leaves: No white chevron.

White Clover 
T.repens

Blooms: June to October
Habitat: Lawns

Height: up to 20 cm
Flower head: Tiny pea-shaped florets in a 1-2 cm tight cluster.

Leaves: Have white chevron.
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