Wildflowers of Toronto's High Park​​

Columbine, wild  
Aquilegia canadensis

​Family: Buttercup/Crowfoot
Native to Ontario
Perennial

Blooms: May to July
Habitat: rocky woodland or open spaces
Height: up to 1 m.

​Flower: 3-5 cm.  Has 5 red sepals, 5 yellow petals, long hollow spurs and protruding stamens and styles.

The red colour attracts hummingbirds which, along with some long-tongued butterflies, are able to sip the nectar from the long spurs, effecting pollination.  Bumblebees which are too big to enter the flowers bite through the spurs to steal the nectar.